Federal Reserve Financial institution of St. Louis working papers are preliminary supplies circulated to stimulate dialogue and demanding comment. 20- 1994: “Kemiskinan dan Pembangunan: Berfikir Semula Secara Islam” (Poverty and Improvement: An Islamic Rethinking), a paper presented at National Geography Seminar `ninety four, organised by College of Humanities, Universiti Sains Malaysia at Universiti Sains Malaysia, August.working Papers

70- 2007: Pendekatan Pembangunan Berteraskan Islam: Beberapa Pelajaran Dari Islam Hadhari di Malaysia” (Islamic-Centred Growth Strategy: Classes From Islam Hadhari in Malaysia), a paper offered at Seminar Pembangunan Model Malaysia (Seminar on the Malaysian Development Fashions), organized by Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Acheh, Acheh and Institut Pemikiran Tun Dr Mahathir, Universiti Utara Malaysia at Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Acheh, Acheh, 2-5 Might 2007.working Papers

28- 1996: “Fairness Versus Development: The Achievement of Islamic Socio-Economics Objectives Underneath Dual Techniques”, (with Abdul Fatah Che Hamat), a paper offered at 8th Worldwide Conference on Socio-Economics, organised by The Society for the Advancement of Socio-Economics (SASE) at College of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland, 12- 14 July.

forty eight- 2000: Pengurusan Kemiskinan” (Management of Poverty), (with Fadzila Azni Ahmad), a paper presented at Seminar Pengurusan Pembangunan Islam, organized by Islamic Development Administration Venture (IDMP), Universiti Sains Malaysia and The Mufti Workplace of Penang State Authorities, at Menara KOMTAR, Penang, 21 September.working Papers

6- 1985: “Pengurusan Melalui Musyawarah” (Management by Musyawarah), paper presented at the Management Education Seminar, organised by Johor Tenggara Development Authority (KEJORA) with the cooperation of KEJORA Management Services, Johor Tenggara Oil‑Palm and Useful resource Growth, and Resource Development Centre, at Desaru, Johor, 25‑29 November.